Nostro Account Difference between Nostro Account and Vostro Account

When it’s time to move money across currencies, banks work with their accounts in the currency they need, to deposit and exchange currencies, making international transactions easier. The bank which holds the nostro vostro account is called a facilitator bank and works in partnership with other banks to process international transfers, payments, and exchange. A nostro account refers to an account that a bank holds in a foreign currency in another bank. Nostros, a term derived from the Latin word for “ours,” are frequently used to facilitate foreign exchange and trade transactions.


The process of opening up a Nostro account is subject to changes depending on which local bank and foreign bank you have chosen. So, if an Indian bank like the SBI wants to open an account in the United States, it will get in touch with a bank in the US, which will open a Nostro account and accept payments for SBI in dollars. The bank will receive rupees value of $10,000 and transfer same from it’s Nostro account held in the USA. Nostro account refers to the record of the bank which has kept money on deposit at another bank. Before the SWIFT network was put in place, banks and financial establishments relied on a system referred to as TELEX to generate income transfers. TELEX was slow, and the system lacked the security needed for a time when know-how was making rapid progress.

Trade Finance

Bank A in the United States enters into a spot foreign exchange contract to buy British pounds from Bank B, which is in Sweden. On the settlement date, Bank B must deliver pounds from its nostro account in the United Kingdom to the nostro account of Bank A, also in the United Kingdom. On the same day, Bank A must pay dollars in the United States to the nostro account of Bank B. Sending international payments with your normal bank might not get you the best exchange rate or the cheapest fees.


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Nostro Accounts are typically utilised to facilitates foreign trade and foreign exchange transactions. Nostro and vostro (from Italian, nostro and vostro; English, ‘ours’ and ‘yours’) are accounting terms used to distinguish an account held for another entity from an account another entity holds. Hence Bank A will transfer the required amount in dollars to the Nostro account of bank b in the united states of America.

The nostro account is a way of keeping track of how much of the bank’s money is being held by the other bank. This is similar to an individual keeping a detailed record of every payment in and out of his or her bank account so that she/he knows the balance at any point in time. Banks in the United Kingdom or the United States often hold a vostro account on behalf of a foreign bank. The vostro account is held in the currency of the country where the money is on deposit. Vostro is a reference to “yours” and refers to “your money that is on deposit at our bank.” A vostro account is like any other account held by a bank. The account is a record of money owed to or maintained by a third party, typically another bank, but it can be either a company or an individual.

This guide covers the nostro account meaning, the relationship between the domestic bank you’re making a transfer with, and the facilitator bank holding the nostro account, and the confusing question of nostro vs vostro accounts. Is an account maintained in a foreign country’s bank in the denomination of that foreign country by any country’s banks to settle the foreign exchange transactions between both countries. The Vostro account is held within the currency of the country the place the money is on deposit.


The facilitator bank will assist the client bank in making payments in its country’s currency, usually using its own access to primary clearing arrangements . In some cases, the facilitator bank may not be a primary clearing member but they will have the ability to make payments in local currency, possibly through another bank in the same country. A vostro account is a record of money held by a bank or owed to a bank by a third party . Contrarily, vostro accounts with a credit balance are considered liabilities.

It is generally more expensive since it is a facility provided by the home bank to execute foreign exchange transactions smoothly. On the other hand, a Vostro account is a reference used by Bank B, which holds Bank A’s funds. From Bank A’s perspective, a Nostro account is denominated in foreign currencies, whereas a Vostro account is denominated in the home currency.

To avoid this discomfort, a bank opens a Nostro account in another bank in a foreign country in foreign currency for flexibility and smooth operations. ICS BANKS Nostro Reconciliation Systemprocesses a comparison and matches figures of accounting records against those shown on a bank statement. The result, any transactions in the accounting records not found on the bank statement or vice-versa are said to be outstanding transactions. The system is capable of performing complex automatic reconciliation processes between all types of accounts, according to matching rules that are dynamically defined by the bank itself and its own transactions matching policies. It also enables manual reconciliation to take place whenever necessary or required. Hence, a Nostro account means our account in a foreign bank in foreign currency.

When the US bank wants to exchange USD to GBP, they’ll deposit USD to the British bank’s nostro bank in the US. The British bank will then simultaneously deposit the equivalent amount of GBP into the UK based nostro account of the US bank. In the case of trade with Russia, payments in rupee for the export and import of goods will go to these Vostro accounts. The owners and beneficiaries of this money will be the exporters and importers in both the countries. Hope you have understood the significance of Nostro accounts in foreign exchange transactions.

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The major difference between Phase 2 and the former association is that Phase 2 requires banks connecting to the community to make use of a Relationship Management Application as a substitute of the previous bilateral key change system. Domestic banks make use of correspondent banks include the limited entry to overseas monetary markets and the lack to service client accounts without opening branches abroad. Generally talking, the explanations home banks employ correspondent banks embody the limited access to foreign financial markets and the shortcoming to service consumer accounts with out opening branches abroad. For both nostro and vostro accounts, the domestic bank (i.e., the bank that is holding the account) acts as the caretaker for the account and is sometimes referred to as the “facilitator” bank.

  • Therefore in order to put through the foreign exchange transaction, the bank which is authorized to deal in foreign exchange, maintains an account with its overseas Bank to keep stocks of foreign currencies.
  • Investopedia requires writers to use primary sources to support their work.
  • The ledger saved by the depositing customer known as it a Nostro ledger; the financial institution saved the corresponding Vostro ledger.
  • Although they are locked up, they will be used to make payments sooner or later.
  • The term Nostro is derived from latin word that means “ours” i.e., our account on your books.

Nostro account comes from the Latin word “Nostro” which means “ours” or our money that is on deposit at your bank. Nostro and Vostro account basically refer to two different terms that are used to denote one single account by two different banks. Let us learn about the differences between the Nostro and Vostro accounts. To reconcile the entries posted in nostro mirror and the Vostro account , banks used to upload the statements received from other bank in their system. Based on the identical rule system will automatically match the relevant entries against mirror account entries.

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A Vostro account is an account that a domestic bank holds for a foreign bank in the domestic bank’s currency, i.e., rupee. The idea is to get around Western sanctions against Russia by carrying on trade in rupees. A Nostro account is an account maintained by a domestic bank with a foreign bank in foreign currency. Nostro and Vostro are terms used to explain the identical checking account; the terms are used when one financial institution has one other bank’s money on deposit. Nostro and Vostro are variations on the Latin words that imply “ours” and “yours,” respectively.

Suppose City Bank opens an account in HDFC BANK with the Currency INR , then this type of accounts is called Vostro Account. Our large party dining events require The Arsenale Menu – our Chef’s curated tour through the menu, completely customizable to your preferences. The amount credited to the profit and loss account should be appropriated to the general reserve and will not be available for declaration of dividend. 24 years old Early Childhood (Pre-Primary School) Teacher Charlie from Cold Lake, has several hobbies and interests including music-keyboard, forex, investment, bitcoin, cryptocurrency and butterfly watching. Is quite excited in particular about touring Durham Castle and Cathedral. Get all the important information related to the Bank Exam including the process of application, important calendar dates, eligibility criteria, exam centers etc.

Computerized accounting permits for easily reconciling Nostro and Vostro accounts simply by using “+” or “-” indicators in the banks’ respective accounting methods. This money deposited will then be transferred by Citibank through SWIFT to GTBank’s U.S. dollar account in Nigeria. SWIFT refers back to the Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunications, a member-owned cooperative that gives protected and safe financial transactions for its members. Nostro Account is defined as a bank account that is created by any commercial bank of a given country in some other foreign country with the currency of a foreign country. It is derived from the Italian word Nostro account meaning ‘Our.’ Simply, the money that is in your bank is in your country’s currency. If a case arises where there is an overdrawn amount or there is an insufficient amount of funds in the Nostro account, some fee is charged from these accounts.

What is nostro account and why it is used?

For example, imagine that a particular USA-based bank wants to open an account in a particular India-based bank that has the currency of INR . A socialist economic account is a bank account that a bank holds with a foreign bank in the domestic currency of the country where the funds are held. Your money will journey from one nation to another, but to do this there are sometimes middleman/correspondent banks concerned. During 2007 and 2008, the complete SWIFT Network migrated its infrastructure to a new protocol known as SWIFTNet Phase 2.

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