How to reference an article in Harvard referencing style

However, if you have cited other sources and then go back to one you had cited earlier, it is a good idea to mention at least the author’s name again to avoid confusion. Finally, you should always consult your instructor to determine the form of citation appropriate for your paper. You can save a lot of time how long does a essay have to be and energy simply by asking “How should I cite my sources,” or “What style of citation should I use?” before you begin writing. The purpose of a style guide is to provide writers with formatting instructions. If your professor has not assigned a style guide, they should still be able to recommend one.

How do you cite an article in the middle of an essay?

  1. Author's last name (no first names or initials)
  2. Year of publication (or “n.d.” if there is “no date”:(LastName, n.d., p. #))
  3. Page number, paragraph number, chapter, section, or time stamp where the information can be located within the source (only required for direct quotes)

The sources included in a reference page can be textual works, data sets, audiovisual media, or online media. Most of the time, you can just identify a source and how long is a mini essay quote from it, as in the first example above. Sometimes, however, you will need to modify the words or format of the quotation in order to fit in your paper.


Page numbers should be included for each quotation organized by placement in the paragraph. In the following example, the first quotation from Smith appeared on page 43 of the text. The second quotation used in the paragraph came from page 12. The parenthetical reference should be inserted after the last quotation mark but before the period at the end of the sentence. According to Smith , you must be aware of citation rules to avoid plagiarism in your essay. But, we will cover only APA and MLA because these are the most common ones.

Learning how to write an academic essay with references and how to use in-text citations shows readers that you did your research and helps them locate your sources. Citations tell readers where a piece of information came from.

Harvard Formatting Guide

Below are some examples in which you may not need to cite. However, if you are in doubt, it is best to cite the source and consult your instructor. If you are unsure of a journal article’s correct citation, it is often found on the first page of the article. This guide offers guidance based on the Oxford Standard for Citing Legal Authorities – it differs in some small respects from OSCOLA. The guide also provides some reference to the Harvard System. Please refer to your course handbook or tutors for guidance as to which system they want you to use.

  1. A single in-text citation may be placed at the end of the paragraph.
  2. Almost all writers and academics reference other people’s writing in their works.
  3. All information that is borrowed must be cited to avoid plagiarism.
  4. Our expert’s notes are NOT intended to be forwarded as finalized projects, as it is only strictly meant to be used for research and study purposes.

If the title is very long and you are making numerous references to it, you can refer to it by a shortened version. I.e., “A Perfect Day For Banana Fish” can become “Banana Fish.” You can then highlight and copy this into the bibliography section of your report – arranging them alphabetically by authors’ surnames.

Related Articles

Based in Virginia, Susan Harlow is an adjunct English professor and writing resource coordinator. She specializes in education and technical communication. She holds a Master of Arts in English with a concentration in literacy, technology and professional writing from Northern implicit thesis examples Arizona University. A quick guide to the most frequently-used types of APA 7 citations. Points your reader to the full citationon your References page for more information. The case below is an example of a case with a neutral citation and a citation from the ICLR Law Reports.

  1. Though basic guidelines are similar, citation requirements vary depending on the documentation style used.
  2. Even if your entire paragraph is a summary, you should cite in each sentence rather than at the end of the paragraph.
  3. Some, however, allow you to make parenthetical references in the body of your work.
  4. Skip two spaces after the footnote before you begin the next sentence.

A reference page is the last page of an APA Style paper. It is a list of sources cited that also serves as a research for readers who want to do follow-up research about the contents of the paper. Names or what is the controlling idea personal information of people interviewed should not be included in a reference page. Along with a reference list, an APA Style paper also uses in-text citation to cite sources within the essay text.

Chicago: Notes Style

Academic writing styles require in-text citations to give credit to a source when a writer refers to someone else’s work. Though basic guidelines are similar, how to set up a quote citation requirements vary depending on the documentation style used. Consider which documentation style is most appropriate for your area of study.

how to reference an article in an essay

Referenced work is detailed more than unreferenced work. References provide evidence that supports any claim or assertion in the introduction. Credit should be given to the writers of the work you have borrowed. It is a way of respecting the intellectual property rights of the writer.

Reference list print structure:

Because this makes it convenient for your reader, most citation styles require that you use either footnotes or endnotes in your paper. Some, however, allow you to make parenthetical references in the body of your work. See our section on citation styles for more information.

Whatever your field of expertise, our academic articles will help you navigate the writing process. When using direct quotations of 40 or more words, indent five spaces from the left margin without using quotation marks. The final period should come before the parenthetical citation. Properly citing article details in the reference list will help the readers to locate your source material if they wish to read more about a particular area or topic. In the Chicago style, daily newspapers are rarely included in a list of References. Instead, attribution may be given to information from a daily newspaper in a parenthetical reference.

Sample Paper in MLA Format

The first and middle names of each author should always be written as initials. Keep in mind, most electronic sources do not include pages. Our expert’s notes are NOT intended to be forwarded as finalized projects, as it is only strictly meant to be used for research and study purposes. Chicago Style Guidelines, from EssayProLook at our movie review example and try to determine what format it is written in. 1 At the bottom of the page you can insert your comments about the sentence preceding the footnote.

The brackets around the word indicate that you have substituted that word for other words the author used. In this case, however, the paragraph following the one quoted explains that the author is referring to money, so it is okay. You can cite a paraphrase in MLA exactly the same way as you would cite a direct quotation.

How to Cite a Chapter in a Book in MLA

Our team of vetted writers in every subject are waiting to help you pass that class. With keen editors and friendly support, we guarantee quality, ORIGINAL papers and essays that score high. Online citation generator tools can help writers properly cite references in an efficient way.

The structure of magazine articles is similar to that of a journal article. The name of the author in a newspaper article is referred to as a byline. Below are examples for citing an article both with and without a byline. Additionally, the volume number comes immediately after the journal title followed by the issue number in round brackets. Learn more about Zotero – a citation management tool to help you keep track of and organize various references for papers and projects. Review five different methods for including the words of another writer or information from a research resource into the text of your paper.

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